NATIONAL SERVICE

A BRIEF HISTORY Allen Callaghan B.A.




Between 1951 and 1972, a total of 287,000 young Australian men were called up in two separate schemes for compulsory training in the Navy, Army and Air Force. Of them, 212 died on active service in Borneo and Vietnam. National Service was part of Australia’s defence preparedness for three decades

THE BACKGROUND
National Service was a product of the post-World War Two global and regional conflicts facing Australia. These began with the Berlin blockade by the Soviet Union in 1948; the first Arab-Israeli war the same year; Communist insurgencies in Malaya and Vietnam; Communist North Korea’s invasion of South Korea in 1950, the Suez Canal crisis of 1956, confrontation with Indonesia in Borneo in 1962 and the Vietnam War. The threat of nuclear war hung over the entire world.

The outbreak of the Korean war in 1950, coupled with the Malayan Emergency and the Viet Minh uprising against the French in Vietnam, appeared to threaten Australia directly. Recruiting for the regular Armed Services proving insufficient, the Menzies Government re-introduced conscription which had ended in 1945. The legislation had bi-partisan political support.

National Service was in the Australian tradition since Federation in 1901 of volunteer forces for overseas service backed up by a pool of basically trained men in the Naval Reserve, the Citizens Military Forces and the Citizens Air Force. In the first scheme from 1951 to 1959, National Servicemen could nominate a Service preference but in practice most were allocated to units near their homes. The Navy and Air Force gave preference to family of former personnel or members of Cadet units. Overseas service was automatic.

A major change for the Army was that National Servicemen were given the option, at call-up, to volunteer for service anywhere overseas if war occurred. Further Corps training would have been needed. Most Nashos volunteered. World War Two militia had been restricted to Australia and territories in the south-west Pacific ‘associated with the defence of Australia’.
The Korean armistice was signed in 1953 and no new direct threats developed during that decade, so the basic role of National Servicemen was seen as homeland defence.

The second scheme from 1965 to 1972 for the Vietnam war involved two years full-time service integrated into expanded regular Army units, with overseas deployment where required.

THE FIRST SCHEME 1951-59
In the first National Service scheme between 1951 and 1959, all young men aged 18 were called up for training in the Navy, Army and Air Force. A total of 227,000 served in 52 intakes.

Navy A total of 6,862 National Servicemen did their training in intakes named after Australian pioneers or explorers at HMAS Penguin in Sydney, HMAS Cerberus at Flinders Naval Depot on Westernport Bay in Victoria, HMAS Lonsdale in Melbourne and HMAS Leeuwin near Perth.


National Servicemen in the Fleet Air Arm trained at the Royal Australian Naval Air Station HMAS Nirimba at Schofields airfield in Sydney’s north-west and at HMAS Albatross near Nowra. Sea service was done on ships of the Fleet.
The Army was allocated the largest proportion of men – about 198,000 - and formed ten National Service Training Battalions. The locations of the Battalions were: Queensland, 11 Battalion at Wacol; New South Wales, 12 Battalion at Singleton and Holsworthy, 13 Battalion at Ingleburn and 19 Battalion at Old Holsworthy and Holsworthy; Victoria, 14, 15 and 20 Battalions at Puckapunyal and Watsonia; South Australia, 16 Battalion at Woodside; Western Australia, 17 Battalion at Swanbourne; Tasmania, 18 Battalion at Brighton.


The 11th Battalion, with 1500 trainees at its peak, was the largest. It served Queensland and Papua New Guinea. Trainees from the northern rivers of New South Wales from Tweed Heads to Newcastle and the New England tableland were sent north to Wacol or south to Singleton and Sydney as required. Some National Servicemen from Canberra, Queanbeyan, Yass, Goulburn and other southern NSW centres trained at Puckapunyal in Victoria. Northern Territory and Broken Hill National Servicemen trained at Woodside in South Australia.


Air Force About 23,500 National Servicemen undertook their training in National Service Training Units and were allocated to Flights, corresponding to platoons, at the major air bases and depots throughout Australia including Garbutt in Townsville, Toowoomba and Oakey on the Darling Downs, Amberley near Ipswich and Archerfield in Brisbane; Richmond, Rathmines, Williamtown, Bankstown, Forest Hill and Uranquinty near Wagga Wagga in New South Wales; Fairbairn in Canberra; Point Cook, Laverton, Frognall, Tottenham, Ballarat and East Sale in Victoria; Mallala near Adelaide and Pearce and Merredin near Perth. Trainees from South Australia and Tasmania also went to Laverton.
National Service Instructors were drawn from all three Services and most had World War Two, Korean, Borneo or Vietnam combat experience. National Servicemen in both schemes received the standard basic training for all new recruits.

SERVICE NUMBERS

Navy National Service numbers were followed by NS (i.e. 4382NS) in sequence from the first intake. An A preceded Air Force numbers. In Army and Air Force numbers, the first digit (i.e. 2/771128 or A111409 ) usually indicated the State in which the trainee was called up: 1 Queensland, 2 New South Wales, 3 Victoria, 4 South Australia, 5 Western Australia, 6 Tasmania and 1 (later 8) Papua New Guinea.. Some first scheme trainees from southern New South Wales had 3 prefixes and during the Vietnam-era some trainees were assigned numbers from other States. In Army numbers the second digit was always a 7. First scheme Army numbers had an oblique, Vietnam-era numbers did not.


TRAINING PERIOD
Under the National Service Act 1951, all young men turning 18 on or after l November 1950 were required to undertake 176 days standard recruit training in the Navy, Army and Air Force, followed by five years in their respective Reserves. The first call-up notices were issued on 12 April 1951 and the first National Servicemen marched in during July.


The Navy required its National Servicemen for 124 days continuous training and then thirteen days training each year for four years in the Naval Reserve. Army trainees initially were required to serve 98 days continuous basic training followed by 78 days training in the Citizen Military Force over three years. Army Nashos without a unit near their home, if required, returned to the nearest base to complete their obligation . The Air Force required its trainees for a continuous 176 days.
Australians resident in Papua-New Guinea could fulfil their obligation in Australia or by six year’s service in the Papua-New Guinea Volunteer Rifles.


In 1955 the Navy and Air Force reduced training to 154 days and discontinued National Service in 1957. In 1957, the Army reduced initial training to 77 days and part time service in the CMF to 63 days over two years. It also reduced the call-up through a birthday ballot from the second intake of 1957. The last intake of the first scheme was in August, 1959.
The Australian Government decided on 24 November 1959 to discontinue National Service and on 30 June 1960 all National Servicemen were declared to have honorably discharged their obligation.


Those in the first scheme did not see active service, but National Servicemen were on Naval ships that visited Korean waters during hostilities. They also were at the atomic bomb tests in 1952 at Monte Bello Islands in Western Australia and in 1956 at Maralinga in South Australia. RAAF National Servicemen worked on aircraft that had flown through atomic clouds. National Servicemen were placed on alert as part of a wider standby for active service during the Suez Canal crisis in 1956 but the crisis passed.

THE SECOND SCHEME 1965-72

With the outbreak of Confrontation with Indonesia between 1963 and 1966 and the Vietnam War, recruiting again was insufficient and the Government introduced the National Service Act 1964.

In the second scheme men aged 20 were selected by a birthday ballot for the Army. The Navy and Air Force did not use National Service for Vietnam. An alternative allowed those liable to conscription to elect, a year before the ballot, to fulfil their National Service obligation by six years service in the CMF. Some 35,000 did so until this option was abolished.

Between 30 June 1965 and 7 December 1972, a total of 63,790 were called up for two years fulltime service integrated into regular Army units. This was reduced to 18 months in 1971.

Of them, 100 served in Borneo and 17,424 served in Vietnam. The remainder served in support units in Australia, Malaysia and Papua-New Guinea.

After twelve weeks initial training at 1 Recruit Training Battalion at Kapooka, NSW; 3 R.T.B. at Singleton, N.S.W.; or 2 R.T.B. at Puckapunyal, Victoria; National Servicemen were assigned to the many different Corps.
About 1500 were selected for officer training at Scheyville in Sydney and were commissioned as second lieutenants. Another 600 who were teachers were promoted to sergeant and posted to Papua-New Guinea for 12 months to educate soldiers of the Pacific Islands Regiment at Port Moresby, Goldie River, Lae and Wewak.
Most were allotted to the Infantry, enabling the Army to increase the Royal Australian Regiment from five to nine Battalions for the first time.


During Confrontation with Indonesia between 1963 and 1966, the Government committed 3 Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment to Borneo in 1965, succeeded by 4RAR. All Battalions were rotated through Vietnam between 1966 and 1971. Most units gave National Servicemen the choice of active service and most volunteered. Of them, two died in Borneo and 210 in Vietnam. They included six who enlisted upon call-up or re-enlisted and three voluntary National Servicemen. The casualty rate amongst National Servicemen was lower than amongst enlisted regulars.


The McMahon Government withdrew Australian units from Vietnam in 1971. In 1972, the Whitlam Government, using the expedient of ‘exceptional hardship’ , discharged National Servicemen from the Army and passed the National Service Termination Act in 1973. The Defence Legislation Amendment Act of 1992 repealed the National Service Act 1951 but the then Labor Government retained conscription in a time of war with prior Parliamentary approval.

NATIONAL SERVICE IN REVIEW

Australia had made training in the Citizens Military Forces compulsory at various times between 1910 and 1945. The 1951 National Service Act revived this with National Servicemen, after their basic training, completing their obligation in their respective Reserves. In 1980 the CMF was reorganised as the Ready Reserve and then the Army Reserve. The Citizens Air Force became the Air Force Reserve. The Naval Reserve remained virtually unchanged. In 2001 the Defence Act was amended so that Reservists could be called up for overseas service.

Despite the compulsion, National Servicemen of both schemes did their training, active and reserve duties well and honourably and most regarded it as a rewarding part of their lives. They served overseas in Borneo, Vietnam, Malaysia and Papua-New Guinea.

In 2001, the Australian Government recognised the contribution of National Servicemen to Australia’s defence preparedness with the award of the Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972 Medal. The bronze medal is unusual in modern awards with a double-sided design and the recipient’s service number and name engraved on the rim. The front depicts the tri-service badge surmounted by the Federation star and the words ‘Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972’ and the other side the Southern Cross on a field of radiating lines inside a cog wheel representing the integral role of the armed services in the Australian community. Both sides are surmounted by the Crown.


The ribbon uses the colours of the three Services during the National Service era - Navy white, Army jungle green and RAAF light blue - and Australia’s then national colours of blue and gold. The ochre strip represents the land.

In 2006, National Servicemen, along with all other servicemen and women, were awarded the Australian Defence Medal.

Because National Service was drawn from the entire community, many National Servicemen from both schemes later rose to high positions in politics, business, the professions and the community. They include Governors-General Bill Hayden and Dr.Peter Hollingworth; deputy Prime Minister Tim Fischer and Federal Minister Wilson Tuckey; Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett; Queensland’s Chief Justice Paul De Jersey; Major-General Rod Fay, businessmen Lindsay Fox and Sir James Hardy; television personalities Clive James and Graham Kennedy; entertainer Normie Rowe, tennis player Lew Hoad, cricketer Doug Walters and car racing legends Peter Brock and Dick Johnson.

However, the domestic divisions over the Vietnam War saw National Servicemen, particularly those who had active service, in the invidious position of not only being conscripted by a selective ballot but also subjected to public derision by some of the Australian public on their return. These divisions have seen both sides of politics reluctant to consider National Service to supplement chronic shortfalls in voluntary recruiting.

All National Servicemen are ex-servicemen. They march on Anzac Day, Remembrance Day, National Service Day, Vietnam Veterans and Long Tan Days and Reserve Forces Day in their own right.
No women were called up for National Service.
National Servicemen marched as a contingent in the Army’s Centenary Parade in Canberra in 2001.
They wear a wide variety of Service and Corps badges on their hats, caps and berets and many are members of Unit associations in all three Services.

The late Barry Vicary founded the National Servicemen’s Association of Australia in Toowoomba, Queensland, on 28 November 1987 to seek a better deal for Vietnam-era National Servicemen and a Medal recognising National Service. When Barry learnt of the earlier and larger National Service scheme he immediately widened the organisation to include them. The Association now has branches Australia-wide and is the second-largest ex-service organisation after the RSL.
National Servicemen added a new word to the Australian language – Nasho. National Service Day, 14 February, marks the day the last Nasho marched out of camp.

© Allen Callaghan August 2006




THE NATIONAL SERVICE HONOUR ROLL


BORNEO
 

No.

Name.

State.

Unit

Died

5713692 Mills Geoffrey F W A 22 Const Squadron 1966
 
ENLISTED UPON CALL-UP
 

No

Name

State

Unit

Died

3787083 Bridgeland Reginald N Vic 22 Const Squadron 1966
Total Borneo 2
 
VIETNAM
 

No

Name

State

Unit

Died

2786017 Abbott Dal E NSW 1 RAR 1968
4718946 Abraham Dennis E S A 104 Signals Squadron 1967
4719565 Abraham Richard J S A 9 RAR 1969
2784699 Allen Norman G NSW 7 RAR 1967
2784162 Annesley Frederick J NSW 1 RAR 1968
2788583 Archer Gary A NSW 9 RAR 1969
2781363 Arnold Peter J NSW 6 RAR 1967
1730888 Ashton William J Qld 6 RAR 1967
2794278 Attwood Trevor J NSW HQ1 ATF 1971
 
2786313 Bailey Errol J NSW 1 RAR 1967
6709107 Banfield David J Tas 5 RAR 1968
5715206 Barnett Stuart J W A 4 RAR 1968
2782555 Bartholomew Glen T NSW 1 Field Squadron 1967
5718195 Beilken Brian C W A 4 RAR 1971
5714453 Bell Alec E W A 7 RAR 1968
5714249 Bell Ronald J W A 2 RAR 1967
2781899 Birchell Michael J NSW 6 RAR 1967
1734408 Black Trevor R Qld 9 RAR 1969
2782525 Bracewell Denis H NSW 6 RAR 1967
2782812 Brady Gregory V Qld 1 Field Squadron 1967
2789684 Bramble Peter J NSW 1 Field Squadron 1969
2785180 Brett William J NSW 2 RAR 1967
6708915 Brewer Kevin F Tas 4 RAR 1968
3787889 Brooks Dennis L Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
3794895 Brown Allen R Vic 6 RAR 1969
3790530 Brown Lindsay N Vic 3 RAR 1968
2794031 Bullman John H NSW 1 ARU 1970
2786525 Byrne Robert A NSW 4 RAR 1968
 
2787278 Campbell John A NSW 3 RAR 1968
5716427 Cassano Nicola J M 5 RAR 1969
4719003 Caston Robert SA 3 RAR 1968
4721369 Chapman Rodney R SA 2 RAR 1971
5713804 Clark Donald M SA 5 RAR 1967
3794556 Clark Raymond D M 6 RAR 1970
6708750 Coombs Geoffrey J Tas 1 Field Squadron 1968
1731426 Cox James G Qld 7 RAR 1967
2787020 Cox Raymond J NSW 1 RAR 1968
5716239 Crouch Noel V WA 7 RAR 1970
2785238 Cutcliffe Timothy J NSW 2 RAR 1967
 
2788283 Davidson Barry N NSW 3 RAR 1968
3788300 Deed Romon J D Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
3791033 Desnoy John W Vic 3 RAR 1968
4718756 De Vries Van Leeuwen Thomas J SA 3 RAR 1968
5715633 Dewar Keith I WA 3 Cavalry Regt 1969
2792089 Dickson Stephen W NSW 7 RAR 1970
3789770 Dohety John A Vic 3 RAR 1968
1730929 Drabble Glen A Qld 6 RAR 1966
2794265 Driscoll Roger W NSW HQ1 Task Force 1971
3799449 Duff James Vic 4 RAR 1971
1735143 Duffy Kenneth A Qld 6 RAR 1970
2792150 Dufty Milton R NSW 7 RAR 1971
5716228 Duncuff Alan L WA 1 Field Squadron 1969
 
1732701 Evans Paul Qld 1 RAR 1968
3794256 Evans Thomas A Vic 9 RAR 1969
 
3786921 Farren Leslie T Vic 5 RAR 1966
2787344 Fisher David J NSW 3 SAS 1969
4718368 Fisher Roger L NSW 3 RAR 1968
1731113 Fraser John Qld 3 RAR 1968
 
3793157 Gaffney Ronald J NSW 9 RAR 1968
1730941 Gant Kenneth H Qld
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
2789508 George Barry R NSW 9 RAR 1969
5715657 Gibbs Ian J WA 1 RAR 1968
3790395 Gillard Robert J Vic 3 Cavalry Regt 1968
6708763 Godden Guy R Tas 3 RAR 1968
1734847 Goody Philip R Qld 8 RAR 1970
2787716 Graham Samuel M 4 RAR 1969
2782127 Green George B NSW 5 RAR 1967
2791447 Greene John G NSW 1 Field Squadron 1969
1730947 Grice Victor R Vic
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
 
3791920 Hannaford Michael J Vic 1 Armoured Regt 1968
2781944 Hart Peter R NSW 6 RAR 1967
3789232 Hawker Norman V Vic 7 RAR 1967
2794350 Hill Donald C NSW HQ1 Task Force 1971
3786634 Holland Tony M 1 APC Squadron 1966
3794544 Holloway John W NSW 9 RAR 1969
2787776 Houston Kenneth R NSW 3 RAR 1968
2791326 Hurst Harold W NSW 1 Field Squadron 1970
6708488 Hyland Francis A Tas 2 RAR 1967
 
2789790 Jackson Peter J NSW 5 RAR 1969
2781847 Jewry Jack NSW
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
 
4720992 Kavanagh Graham R SA 7 RAR 1970
1733818 Kermode Raymond C Qld 9 RAR 1969
1734754 Kingston Ian W Qld 6 RAR 1969
1735712 Kowalski Peter F Qld 2 RAR 1971
2782226 Knight Gordon NSW 6 RAR 1966
 
2786939 Langlands Terrance E NSW 1 RAR 1968
2781704 Large Paul A NSW
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
4720583 Larsson Stanley G SA 7 RAR 1970
1734491 Linton Matthew P NSW 5 RAR 1969
2791437 Lisle Anthony Qld 1 Field Squadron 1969
3797086 Lloyd Allan L ACT 7 RAR 1970
2784015 Lloyd Richard E NSW 5 RAR 6 April 1967
3794096 Loughman Matthew NSW HQ1 ALSG 1969
 
1730993 McCormack Albert F Tas
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
1730994 McCormack Dennis J SA
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
2782440 McDuff Peter E NSW 2 RAR 1967
2787478 McGuire Raymond A NSW 4 RAR 1969
3795935 MacLennan Larry A Vic 8 RAR 1970
3794377 McMillan James C NSW 5 RAR 1969
2785033 McMillan Ross C NSW 7 RAR 1971
5715701 McPherson Lyall H WA 9 RAR 1969
5716533 McQuat James L WA 8 RAR 1970
3793137 Manicola Joseph G Vic 1 ARU 1969
1731467 Martin William H Qld 1 RAR 1968
2794496 Mathers Ian G Qld 12 Field Regt 1971
5714739 Matthews Geoffrey F WA 3 RAR 1968
2788798 Meredith Thomas F NSW 9 RAR 1969
1731013 Mitchell Warren D Qld
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
4717751 Mitchinson Kevin L SA 3 Cavalry Regt 1967
3795756 Morgan John L Vic 2 AOD 1970
1732186 Morrison Dayle W Qld 2 RAR 1968
2781512 Muc Michael M 4 RAR 1968
2788085 Muller Hans L M 5 RAR 1969
3795712 Munday Barry J Vic 8 RAR 1970
2788524 Murray Peter E NSW 1 RAR 1968
 
2792729 Navarre Paul J Vic 7 RAR 1967
1735386 Neal Dennis W Qld 2 RAR 1970
4718427 Nelson Dennis E SA 2 RAR 1967
3798081 Niblett Ralph J Vic 4 RAR 1971
4717546 Noack Errol W SA 5 RAR 1966
2787793 Noonan Michael NSW 4 RAR 1968
 
2786748 O'Brien John A NSW 1 RAR 1968
2782779 O'Hara John L NSW 1 Field Squadron 1967
 
5717657 Pengilly Bernard M WA 4 RAR 1971
6709611 Penneyston Peter L Tas 1 Field Squadron 1970
3789447 Perrin Robert G Vic 7 RAR 1968
2784043 Pearce John G S NSW 1 RAR 1968
1733375 Petersen Victor N Qld 4 RAR 1969
3790094 Pettit Noel C Vic 2 RAR 1967
4719545 Phillips Reginald A SA 9 RAR 1969
3789448 Plain Douglas B Vic HQ1 Task Force 1968
4719981 Plane Bruce J SA 9 RAR 1969
3786644 Pomroy Victor I Vic 3 rd Cavalry Regt 1967
3795605 Poulson Daryl Vic 8 RAR 1970
2790170 Power Robert E NSW 6 RAR 1970
2782783 Powter Douglas R J NSW 6 RAR 1965
1734329 Prior Kevin J Qld 9 RAR 1969
3787580 Purcell Anthony T Vic 6 RAR 1966
 
4719160 Quigley Anthony V SA 3 RAR 1968
 
1733037 Ramsay Joseph S Qld 4 RAR 1969
2787069 Rands John M NSW 1 RAR 1968
3793403 Reidy Paul F Vic 9 RAR 1969
4719818 Remeljej Alexander SA 5 RAR 1969
3788172 Renshaw Terrance J Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
2796378 Rhodes Maxwell R NSW 4 RAR 1971
2781563 Rinkin Kerry P NSW 5 RAR 1967
3796110 Richter Philip M Vic 8 RAR 1970
3793978 Robertson Malcolm R Vic 1 ALSG 1969
4718449 Rogers John SA 2 RAR 1968
5715153 Roost Christopher W WA 4 RAR 1968
 
1731040 Salveron Douglas J Qld
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
4719367 Scales Grantley J SA 9 RAR 1969
4720852 Schuit Martinus J M SA 17 Const. Squadron 1970
3791538 Scott Ian J Vic 12 Field Squadron 1968
1735424 Scott Ian N Qld 1 Field Squadron 1970
2781465 Sharp Gordon C NSW
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
3790566 Sheppard Lawrence R Vic 1 RAR 1968
2787074 Slattery John M NSW 1 RAR 1968
3793566 Smith Baron F Qld 5 RAR 1969
3794831 Smith John Vic 1 Field Squadron 1969
3797613 Smith Noel A Vic 21 Eng Support Transport 1971
2788912 Smith Peter C NSW 9 RAR 1969
2790417 Sorrensen Gordon D Qld 9 RAR 1969
2790070 Stanford Gregory Ian NSW 6 RAR 1969
5718122 Sprigg Roderick J WA 7 RAR 1971
4719232 Steen David J M 1 Field Squadron 1968
4719573 Sukmanowsky Michael SA 1 ARU 1968
3786696 Sullivan Paul C NSW 5 RAR 1968
 
3797623 Talbot Alan M 7 RAR 1971
3787987 Taylor Leonard A NSW 3 RAR 1968
2790880 Teeling Wayne E NSW 5 RAR 1969
2786038 Thompson Ian J NSW 3 RAR 1968
3791207 Tinkham John R Vic 4 RAR 1969
4718991 Thomas William M SA 3 RAR 1968
2789920 Thompson Barry NSW 5 RAR 1970
5713739 Tomas Marian WA 5 RAR 1966
2792254 Towler Michael M HQ1 Task Force 1971
3791291 Trimble Bevan M Vic 1 RAR 1968
2792375 Tully Desmond J NSW 2 RAR 1970
4720253 Turner Timothy C SA 5 RAR 1969
3787416 Tweedie Geoffrey L Vic 6 RAR 1967
 
5715180 Van Rijsewijk Paul R M 3 RAR 1968
 
2787255 Wallis Alan J NSW 1 RAR 1968
3786978 Warburton Graham F Vic 5 RAR 1966
5716163 Waring Anthony E M 5 RAR 1969
5713981 Waters Brian D SA 6 RAR 1967
5713748 Watson Bryan P WA 5 RAR 1966
5713986 Webster David R NSW 6 RAR 1967
5713751 Webster James C WA 5 RAR 1967
1731955 Weston Leslie J NSW 2 RAR 1967`
3787607 Whiston Colin J NSW
6 RAR Long Tan
1966
5715978 White James M WA 5 RAR 1969
5715189 Williams Archibald S WA 1 RAR 1968
3797671 Willoughby Garry Vic 2 RAR 1970
4717641 Wilsen Robert P SA 3 rd Cavalry Regt 1967
3411951 Wilson Kevin R Vic 2 RAR 1968
4718082 Woolfod Richard M SA 2 RAR 1967
3790784 Worle Jeffrey T Vic 3 RAR 1968
 
1732408 Young Alexander NSW 104 Signals Squadron 1968
1733095 Young Brian T Qld 1 RAR 1968
1733547 Young Robert G Qld 3 rd Cavalry Regt 1969
Total Vietnam 202
 
ENLISTED AFTER CALL-UP
 
4718097 Burns Robert M 4 RAR 1968
2786682 Hollis Anthony E NSW 1 Field Squadron 1970
2783512 Jackson Robert J NSW 8 RAR 1970
4717754 Musicka Harld R Vic 9 RAR 1969
4718855 Paterson David SA 3 RAR 1971
Total Enlisted 5
 
VOLUNTARY NATIONAL SERVICEMEN
 
2141115 Patten Raymond B NSW 7 RAR 1971
217961 Pettit Leslie J NSW 5 RAR 1969
1732899 Salzamann Ronald W Qld 3 RAR 1971
Total Voluntary 3

M Migrant, State of residence not specified

Compiled: Allen Callaghan B.A. October 2005

Sources:

The Australian: '500 - The Australians Who Died in Vietnam', Supplement August 18 1988
The Australian War Memorial, Canberra
The Army Central Records Office, Melbourne
The Army History Unit, Canberra
The Vietnam Nominal Roll, Department of Veterans' Affairs
National Servicemen's Association of Australia

 

 

THE NATIONAL SERVICE HONOUR ROLL IN
CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER


BORNEO
Number Name Unit Date of Death
+3787083 Sapper R.N.Bridgland 22 Const.Sqdn 31 July 1966
5713692 Sapper G.E.Mills 22 Const Sqdn 9 August 1966
 
VIETNAM
Number Name Unit Date of Death
4717546 Private E.W. Noack 5 RAR 24 May 1966
3786921 Private L.T. Farren 5 RAR 10 June 1966
3786634 Trooper T.Holland 1 APC Sqn 7 July 1966
5713739 L/Cpl M. Tomas 5 RAR 8 July 1966
2782226 Private G. Knight 6 RAR 9 July 1966
3787580 Private A.T. Purcell 6 RAR 25 July 1966
2781465 2/Lt G.C. Sharp 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
2781847 L/Cpl J. Jewry 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730993 Private A.F. McCormack 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730994 Ptivate D.J. McCormack 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
3787607 Private C.J. Whiston 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1731040 Private D.J. Salveron 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730929 Private G.A. Drabble 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730941 Private K.H. Gant 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
2781704 Private P.A. Large 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730947 Private V.R.Grice 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
1731013 Private W.D. Mitchell 6 RAR 18 Aug 1966
3786978 Private G.F.A. Warburton 5 RAR 1 Oct 1966
5713748 L/Cpl B.P. Watson 5 RAR 10 Nov 1966
3786696 Private P.C. Sullivan 5 RAR 27 Dec 1966
       
3787416 Private G.L. Tweedie 6 RAR 28 Jan 1967
2782783 Private D.R.J. Powter 6 RAR 7 Feb 1967
2781363 Private P.J. Arnold 6 RAR 17 Feb 1967
2781899 Private M.J. Bichell 6 RAR 17 Feb 1967
3786644 Trooper V.I. Pomroy 3 Cav Regt 17 Feb 1967
5713981 Private B.D. Waters 6 RAR 17 Feb 1967
5713986 Private D.R. Webster 6 RAR 17 Feb 1967
5713804 Private D.M. Clark 5 RAR 21 Feb 1967
2782127 L/Cpl G.B. Green 5 RAR 21 Feb 1967
4717751 L/Cpl K.L. Mitchinson 3 Cav Regt 21 Feb 1967
5713751 Private J.C. Webster 5 RAR 21 Feb 1967
4717641 Trooper R.P. Wilsen 3 Cav Regt 21 Feb 1967
2781944 Private P.R.Hart 6 RAR 29 March 1967
2782525 Private D.H. Bracewell 6 RAR 30 March 1967
1730888 Private W.J.Ashton 6 RAR 3 April1967
3797086 Private R.E.Lloyd 5 RAR 6 April 1967
2782440 L/Cpl P.E. McDuff 2 RAR 28 April 1967
3788300 Sapper R.J.P. Deed 1 Fld Sqn 10 May 1967
2782555 Sapper G.T. Bartholomew 1 Fld Sqn 18 May 1967
2782812 Sapper G.V.Brady 1 Fld Sqn 20 May 1967
2782779 Sapper J.L. O'Hara 1 Fld Sqn 20 May 1967
3787880 Sapper D.L.Brooks 1 Fld Sqn 22 May 1967
3788172 Sapper T.J.Renshaw 1 Fld Sqn 30 May 1967
1731426 Private J.G Cox 7 RAR 26 June 1967
4718082 L/Cpl R.M.Woolford 2 RAR 1 Aug 1967
2785238 Private T J Cutcliff 2 RAR 25 Aug 1967
4718427 Private D.E. Nelson 2 RAR 28 Sept 1967
2785180 Private W.J. Brett 2 RAR 30 Sept 1967
1731955 Private L.J. Weston 2 RAR 30 Sepy 1967
2784699 Private N.G. Allen 7 RAR 10 Nov 1967
3789232 Private N.V.G. Hawker 7 RAR 27 Nov 1967
3790094 Private N.C. Pettitt 2 RAR 27 Nov 1967
5714249 Private R.J. Bell 2 RAR 30 Nov 1967
6708488 Private F.A. Hyland 2 RAR 1 Dec 1967
       
1732186 Private D.W. Morrison 2 RAR 26 Jan 1968
5714453 Private A.E.J. Bell 7 RAR 29 Jan 1968
2785033 L/Cpl R.C.McMillan 7 RAR 2 Feb 1968
3789447 Private R.G. Perrin 7 RAR 2 Feb 1968
4719003 Private R.J. Caston 3 RAR 4 Feb 1968
6708763 Private G.R.Godden 3 RAR 8 Feb 1968
3787987 Lt L.A. Taylor 3 RAR 8 Feb 1968
5714739 Private G.F. Mathews 3 RAR 9 Feb 1968
4718449 Private J. Rogers 2 RAR 10 Feb 1968
4718756 Private T.J.DeVries Van Leeuwen 3 RAR 18 Feb 1968
3789770 Private J.A. Doherty 3 RAR 18 Feb 1968
4719232 Sapper D.J. Steen 1 Fld Sqn 18 Feb 1968
3789448 Private D.B. Plain HQ 1ATF 1 March 1968
6708750 Sapper G.J. Coombs 1 Fld Sqn 22 March 1968
1731113 2/Lt J. Fraser 3 RAR 24 March1968
4718368 L/Cpl R.L. Fisher 3 RAR 26 April 1968
2786313 Private E.J. Bailey 1 RAR 13 May 1968
2786748 Private J.A.O'Brien 1 RAR 13 May 1968
3791583 Gunner I.J. Scott 12 Fld Regt 13 May 1968
3790566 Private L.R. Sheppard 1 RAR 13 May 1968
3791291 Private B.M. Trimble 1 RAR 13 May 1968
2784043 Cpl J.G. Pearce 1 RAR 14 May 1968
1731467 L/Cpl W.H. Martin 1 RAR 16 May 1968
2787255 Private A.J. Wallis 1 RAR 16 May 1968
1732408 Signaller A.H. Young 104 Sig Sqn 16 May 1968
1733095 Private B.T. Young 1 RAR 16 May 1968
3790530 Private L.N. Brown 3 RAR 26 May 1968
3791033 Private J.W. Desnoy 3 RAR 26 May 1968
4718991 Private W.M. Thomas 3 RAR 26 May 1968
3790784 Private J.T. Worle 3 RAR 28 May 1968
2786017 Private D.E. Abbott 1 RAR 30 May 1968
5715206 Private S.J. Barnett 4 RAR 27 June 1968
2788524 Private P.E. Murray 1 RAR 9 July 1968
3790395 Trooper R.J. Gillard 3 Cav Regt 2 Aug 1968
2787278 Private J.A. Campbell 3 RAR 3 Aug 1968
2787512 Private M. Nuc 4 RAR 13 Sept 1968
2787793 Private M.J. Noonan 4 RAR 13 Sept 1968
4718097 L/Cpl R. Burns 4 RAR 13 Sept 1968
4719573 Private M. Sukmanowsky 1 ARU 21 Sept 1968
5715189 Private A.S. Williams 1 RAR 21 Sept 1968
4718946 Signaller D.E. Abraham 104 Sig Sqn 29 Sept 1968
2788283 Private B.N. Davidson 3 RAR 1 Oct 1968
6708915 Private K.F. Brewer 4 RAR 8 Oct 1968
1732701 Private P. Evans 1 RAR 8 Oct 1968
2787074 Private J.M. Slattery 1 RAR 8 Oct 1968
2786038 Private I. J. Thomson 3 RAR 19 Oct 1968
5715180 L/Cpl P.R.P.Van Rijsewijk 3 RAR 19 Oct 1968
3791207 Private J.R.Tinkham 4 RAR 20 Oct1968
2787776 Private K.R. Houston 3 RAR 25 oCT 1968
4719160 L/Cpl Quigley 3 RAR 5 Nov 1968
5715657 Private I.J. Gibbs 1 RAR 18 Nov 1968
2784162 T/Cpl F.J. Annesley 1 RAR 24 Nov 1968
2786939 2/Lt T.E. Langlands 1 RAR 24 Nov 1968
2787069 L/Cpl J.M. Rands 1 RAR 12 Dec 1968
3791920 Trooper M.J. Hannaford 1 Armd Regt 14 Dec 1968
3793157 Private R.J. Gaffney 9 RAR 16 Dec 1968
5715153 Private C.W. Roost 4 RAR 23 Dec 1968
2787020 Private R.J. Cox 1 RAR 28 Dec 1968
       
2788798 Private T.F. Meredith 9 RAR 10 Jan 1969
4719545 Private R.A. Phillips 9 RAR 18 Jan 1969
4717754 Private H.R. Musicka 9 RAR 19 Jan 1969
2788912 Private P.C. Smith 9 RAR 19 Jan 1969
4719981 Private B.J. Plane 9 RAR 20 Jan 1969
2787716 Private S. Graham 4 RAR 31 Jan 1969
1733037 Private J.S. Ramsay 4 RAR 31 Jan 1969
2788583 Private G.A. Archer 9RAR 4 Feb 1969
2786525 Private R.A, Byrne 4 RAR 11 Feb 1969
2787478 Private R.A. McGuire 4 RAR 16 Feb 1969
1733375 Private V.N. Petersen 4 RAR 16 Feb 1969
4719367 Private G.J. Scales 9 RAR 5 March 1969
3793137 Private J.G. Manicola 1 ARU 12 March 1969
5715978 Private J.M.T. White 5 RAR 4 April 1969
2789508 Private B.R. George 9 RAR 7 April 1969
1734408 Private T.R. Black 9 RAR 8 April 1969
4719818 Private A. Remeljej 5 RAR 11 April 1969
5715701 Private L.H. McPherson 9 RAR 12 April 1969
2789684 Sapper P.J. Bramble 1 Fld Sqn 22 May 1969
3793403 Private P.F. Reidy 9 RAR 25 May 1969
2790880 Private W.E. Teeling 5 RAR 6 June 1969
2789790 Private P.J.Jackson 5 RAR 15 June 1969
4720253 Private T.C. Turner 5 RAR 15 June 1969
5716163 Private A.E.L. Waring 5 RAR 16 June 1969
5715633 L/Cpl K.I. Dewar HQ 1ATF 24 June 1969
1733547 Trooper R.G. Young 3 Cav Regt 24 June 1969
2790417 Private G.D. Sorrensen 9 RAR 30 June 1969
*217961 Private L.J. Pettit 5 RAR 4 July 1969
2788085 Private H.L. Muller 5 RAR 5 Jujy 1969
4719565 L/Cpl R.J. Abraham 9 RAR 6 July 1969
1733818 Private R.C, Kermode 9 RAR 19 July 1969
3794096 Private M. Loughman HQ 1ALSG 19 July 1969
3794831 Sapper J. Smith 1 Fld Sqn 23 July 1969
3794377 Private J.C. McMillan 5 RAR 31 July 1969
3793566 Private B.F. Smith 5 RAR 11 Aug 1969
6709107 Private D.J. Banfield 5 RAR 21 Aug 1969
1734754 Private I.W. Kingston 6 RAR 3 Sept 1969
2787344 Private D.J.E. Fisher 3 SAS 27 Sept 1969
1734329 Private K.J. Prior 9 RAR 2 Oct 1969
5716228 Sapper A.L. Duncuff 1 Fld Sqn 25 Oct 1969
3794544 Private J.W. Hollaway 9 RAR 26 Oct 1969
1734491 Private M.P. Linton 5 RAR 4 Nov 1969
2791437 Sapper A. Lisle 1 Fld Sqn 12 Nov 1969
5716427 Private N.J. Cassano 5 RAR 7 Dec 1969
2791447 . Sapper J.G. Greene 1 Fld Sqn 8 Dec 1969
3794895 Private A.R. Brown 6 RAR 18 Dec 1969
2790070 L/Cpl G.I. Stanford 6 RAR 18 Dec 1969
3793978 Private M.R. Robertson HQ 1ALSG 24 Dec 1969
3794256 Private T.A. Evans HQ 1ATF 25 Dec 1969
       
+2786682 Sapper A.E. Hollis 1 Fld Sqn 30 Jan 1970
2789920 Private B.J. Thompson 5 RAR 1 Feb 1970
+2783512 Cpl R.J.Jackson 8 RAR 28 Feb 1970
3796110 Private P.M. Richter 8 RAR 28 Feb 1970
3795935 Private L.J. MacLennan 8 RAR 28 Feb 1970
3795712 Private B.J. Munday 8 RAR 28 Feb 1970
3794556 Private R.D.Clark 6 RAR 8 March 1970
1735143 Private K.A. Duffy 6 RAR 8 March 1970
2790170 L/Cpl R.E.Power 6 RAR 8 March 1970
3795605 Private D. Poulson 8 RAR 3 April 1970
4720992 Private G.R. Kavanagh 7 RAR 21 April 1970
2791326 Sapper H.W. Hurst 1 Fld Sqn 29 April 1970
5716533 Private J.L. McQuat 8 RAR 30 April 1970
1734847 L/Cpl P.R. Goody 8 RAR 1 May 1970
5716239 Private N.V. Crouch 7 RAR 21 May 1970
1735386 Private D.W. Neal 2 RAR 29 May 1970
2792375 Pricate D.J. Tully 2 RAR 29 May 1970
3795756 Private J.L. Morgan 2 AOD 1 June 1970
2792089 Private S.W. Dickson 6 RAR 6 June 1970
4720583 Private S.G. Larsson 7 RAR 6 June 1970
2792729 Private P.J. Navarre 7 RAR 6 June 1970
1735424 Sapper I.N. Scott 1 Fld Sqn 14 June 1970
2794031 Private J.H. Bullman 1 ARU 21 July 1970
6709611 Sapper P.L. Penneyston 1 Fld Sqn 2 Aug 1970
3797671 Private G.I. Willoughby 2 RAR 8 Oct 1970
4720852 Sapper M.J.M. Schuit 17 Const Sqn 22 Oct 1970
3797086 Private A. Lloyd 7 RAR 30 Dec 1970
       
2792150 Private M.R. Dufty 7 RAR 15 Jan 1971
3797623 Private A. Talbot 7 RAR 1 Feb 1971
*2141115 Private R.B. Patten 7 RAR 6 Feb 1971
1735712 Private P.F. Kowalski 2 RAR 8 Feb 1971
3797613 Trooper/Cpl N.A. Smith 21 Engr Sp Tp 28 March 1971
4721369 Private R.S. Chapman 2 RAR 28 April 1971
+4718855 2/Lt D.Paterson 3 RAR 30 March 1971
*1732899 Private R.W. Salzmann 3 RAR 14 April 1971
2794496 2/Lt I.G. Mathers 12 Fld Regt 7 June 1971
2794278 Private T.J. Attwood HQ 1ATF 12 June 1971
2794265 Private D.C. Hill HQ 1AFT 12 June 1971
2792254 Private M. Tower HQ 1AFT 12 June 1971
5717657 Private B.M. Pengilly 4 RAR 30 July 1971
2796378 Private M.L. Rhodes 4 RAR 19 Sept 1971
5718195 Private B.C. Belken 4 RAR 21 Sept 1971
3799449 Private J. Duff 4 RAR 21 Sept 1971
3789081 Private R.J. Niblett 4 RAR 21 Sept 1971
5718122 Private R.J. Sprigg 4 RAR 21 Sept 1971

Includes + National Servicemen who enlisted upon call-up or re-enlisted and * voluntary National Servicemen

Compiled: Allen Callaghan B.A. Oct. 2005
Sources:
Australian War Memorial, Canberra

Army Central Records Office, Melbourne